Income Tax Rates in Pakistan 2020-21

income tax rates 2021

Here are the income tax rates in Pakistan for year 2022-21

Also Read: What is withholding tax

Important Note:

Please note as for these income tax rates in Pakistan where a persons is not appearing in the active taxpayers’ list, the rate of tax required to be deducted or collected, as the case may be, shall be increased by hundred percent of the rate specified to be deducted or collected. However, these provisions shall not apply on tax collectible or deductible in case of the following sections.

  • Tax deducted under section 149
  • Tax deducted under section 152 other than sub-section (1), (1AA), (2), (2A)(b) and (2A)(c) of section 152
  • Tax collected or deducted under section 154
  • Tax deducted under section 156B
  • Tax deducted under section 155
  • Tax deducted under section 231A
  • Tax deducted under section 231AA
  • Tax collected under section 233AA
  • Tax deducted under section 235
  • Tax deducted under section 235A
  • Tax collected under section 235B
  • Tax collected under section 236
  • Tax collected under section 236B
  • Tax collected under section 236D
  • Tax collected under section 236F
  • Tax collected under section 236I
  • Tax collected under section 236J
  • Tax collected under section 236L
  • Tax collected under section 236P
  • Tax collected under section 236Q
  • Tax collected under section 236R
  • Tax collected under section 236U
  • Tax collected under section 236V
  • Tax collected under section 236X

What is the custom tax in Pakistan?

custom tax in pakistan

The custom tax in Pakistan is defined as an indirect tax levied on import and export of goods is known as customs duty tax, also classified as import duty and export duty respectively.
Before registering and performing the various customs procedures, it is recommended that individuals familiarize themselves with all the basic concepts related to these procedures. A basic understanding of these concepts will not only ensure that things are done smoothly but also in a consistent manner.

Recommended: Property Tax in Pakistan 2019-20

Pakistan Custom Functions:

Custom tax in Pakistan is entrusted with guaranteeing that the following tasks are done in a lawfully endorsed way:

  • Trade Regulator

  • Trade Facilitation

  • Import & Export of legitimate cargo

  • Revenue Collection

  • Preventive (Control of contraband Goods)

TERMINOLOGies and definitions

Account:
“Account” signifies all books, records, correspondence, bank and other budget summaries.

Act:
“Act” means the Customs Act, the Act number IV of 1969 which is agreed on 3rd March 1969.

Decision authority:
Any authority which is eligible to pass an order under the Customs Act, 1969.

Appropriate officer:
An officer whose specific duties have been assigned under the Customs Act, 1969.

Collector:
“Collector”, “Additional Collector”, “Deputy Collector” and “Assistant Collector “meant a person who collects customs and is designated under Section 3 of the Act to an area of ​​its jurisdiction.

Customs airport /Customs port:
Any airport or port designated by the Board as a customs airport or board for clearance of imported goods in Pakistan.

Duties:
“Duties” means customs duties under the first schedule of the Customs Act, 1969.

Importer:
An importer is a person who imports goods and is responsible for completing the necessary legal import customs clearance procedures and formal commitments upon arrival of the goods in the country.

Pakistan Customs Computerized System(PACCS):
The PACC is a coordinated framework that covers all exercises and procedures identified with customs as defined in clause (IA) of section 2 of the Customs Act, 1969 (IV of 1969).

Vehicle:
Vehicle signifies an engine vehicle, motorcycle, van, microbus, transport, jeep, truck, and tractor with trailer or semi-trailer, etc.


Pakistan Customs is one of the elite cadres of Pakistan’s civil services. It is serving as Pakistan’s border guard against the movement of illicit goods and encourages substandard trade. It gave a significant wellspring of income to the Government of Pakistan as assessments. It also helps protect the domestic industry and boost trade.

Also for your reference, please check out the following documents for more information:
1. Pakistan Customs Tarif 2019-20
2. Fifth Schedule to the Customs Act, 1969 (2019-20)






 







Tax Appeals in Pakistan

tax appeals in pakistan

What is Tax Appeal:

Most of the tax appeals in Pakistan arise between taxpayers and tax collectors (Inland Revenue Department) over the verification of the amount of taxable income and the imposition of default surcharges and penalties on it.

Right of Appeal:

To resolve such disputes, the law provides the procedure, which gives taxpayers the right to appeal to the Commissioner (Appeals) and, if still not satisfied, then there is more right to appeal to the high courts.

Also Read: Property Tax In Pakistan 2019-20

Who can appeal/Eligibility:

  1. Any individual disappointed with any order passed by a Commissioner/Officer Inland Revenue has the privilege to appeal.


  2. On account of an individual, the individual himself.


  3. On account of the Association of Persons (AOP), any partner or individual from the Association.

  4. On account of any company any the Principle officer


  5. On account of the deceased person, any legal representative of the deceased.


  6. On account of a person with a legal disability or unrelated or non-resident person, his / her representative.

Requirements for Making Tax Appeals in Pakistan:

In order to appeal, the person has to pay tax on the declared income along with the return of income.
Documents required to file an appeal with the Commissioner (Appeals) are:

1.      Appropriately checked from of Appeal in copy 
2.      Grounds of Appeal in copy 
3.      Two duplicates of the Order against which an appeal is filed. 
4.      Two duplicates of Notice of Demand issused u/s 137(2)
5.      Certificate of communication of memorandum/form of appeal and grounds of appeal to the Officer who issued the order.
6.      Certificate of service of order
7.      Proof of deposited appeal fee

8.      Powerof Attorney

Time limit for appeal:

The limitation of appeal filling is before the Commissioner (Appeals) is thirty (30) days from the date of receipt of the notice of demand identifying with an assessment, penalty, or some other enforcement action.

Source: Income Tax Appeals – FBR



What are the functions of FBR?

federal board of revenue

Federal Board of Revenue (FBR), formerly known as Central Board of Revenue (CBR) was formed on April 1, 1924, with the enactment Central Board of Revenue  Act of 1924. The Federal Board of Revenue (FBR) is a special government association of Pakistan to investigate money laundering and tax evasion crimes. The FBR works with all individuals and organizations to strengthen tax assessment in the nation.


The FBR perform special duties for FBR headquarters through tax inspectors who monitor tax evaders. The FBR also collects tax evasion intelligence and manages tax laws for the government of Pakistan and acts as Pakistan’s central agency of collection of revenue.

Mission of FBR

Federal Board of Revenue’s mission is to increase the capacity of the tax system through modern techniques by providing taxpayer guidelines, support, and the ability to pay taxes through a motivated, devoted, satisfied, and professional workforce.

Also Read: What is Value Added Tax

Functions of FBR

The FBR is a semi-autonomous federal agency of Pakistan responsible for enforcing financial laws and collecting taxes for the Government of Pakistan. Provides approval for appeal/reference before High Courts and CPL / review before the Supreme Court and approval for litigation in courts. The responsibilities of FBR are:

  • Formulating and managing fiscal policies.
  • Federal duties and collection of revenues, taxes and other levies,
  • Intentional court work in deciding tax cases and appeals

FBR basically works through its main collection branches across the country involving Regional Tax Offices (RTOs) and Large Taxpayer Units (LTUs). To perform functions accurately on the basis of different duties FBR consist of following wings:

  S.No.
FBR Wings
01 Inland Revenue
02 Customs
03 Admin
04 Taxpayers Audit
05 Legal
06 Facilitate and Taxpayer Education (Fate)
07 Strategic Planning Reforms &Statistics(SPR&S)
08 Human Resource Management (HRM)
09 Information Technology
10 Accounting
11 Legal and Accounting – Customs

FBR Wing has responsibilities and functions according to their specifications. Rather than other wings there are two major wings of FBR with major function

A) The Inland Revenue
The Inland Revenue Service (formerly known as the Income Tax Department) levies domestic taxes, including Income Tax, Sales tax and Federal excise duty, and is a central component of the FBR.

B) The Custom
The Pakistan Customs Service directs import obligations and various taxes levied at the import stage, also manages international trade and manages the limits and restrictions imposed by government legislation.

For the purpose of tax collection and prosecution of tax evaders, the powers and functions of the FBR include yet are not restricted to:

  • Investigating and auditing tax matters,

  •  Arrest warrants, with attachments.

  • Also, the public auction of movable and immovable assets was non-compliant.



What Is Value Added Tax (VAT)?

Value Added Tax

Value Added Tax is a consumption tax that is levied on a product whenever it is added to the price at every stage of the supply chain from production to sales. The VAT that the consumer pays is on the cost of the product, less than the price of the material used in the product that has already been taxed.

Scope of VAT:

Value Added Tax is usually expressed as a percentage of the total cost and increases government revenue without punishing success or wealth. VAT covers the supply of both goods and services (including imported) at a uniform rate of 15% unless subject to VAT exemption. Businesses with an annual turnover of less than Rs 7.5 lakh will be out of the VAT net.

Advantages of VAT:

  1. VAT offers more benefits than the national sales tax as :

  2. It is very easy to track.

  3. Exact tax is levied on every step of production.

  4. Furthermore, because VAT is only levied on every price increase, it is not a sale of a product itself due to which it ensures that no double tax has been levied on the same product.

Also Read: What is Withholding tax?

Impact of VAT on Improving Economy Documentation And Revenue Collection:

All commercial activities related to rallies, production, and distribution of goods and provision of services are brought under the tax net which is tolerated to the extent of default registration. As a result of documenting each body in the supply chain. People who are not registered in the chain are not in a position to claim or deduct the tax paid at the purchase level. VAT promotes financial documents using its built-in invoice-based credit mechanism. The tax invoice is a bloodline of documents related to VAT. VAT includes self-enforced features and business transaction documents through tax invoicing.

Source: Investopedia




What is Withholding Tax (WHT)?

withholding tax

Withholding tax is a requirement of government for the buyer of any service or item of income to withhold or the deduction of tax from the payment which is paid to the government.

Why Withholding Tax?

  • Less interference with the tax authority
  • Helps to expand the tax net
  • Daily basis revenue generation
  • Includes Tax Evasion
  • Economics documents
  • Maintaining flow with the least cost

Withholding Tax Trend:

Withholding tax (WHT) regime is a worldwide trend and the largest source of national revenue in Pakistan. The dependence on WHT has also been on the rise in recent years. Of the 740 (b) direct tax reserves for the financial year 2012, Rs.422 (b) with a share percentage of 57% was derived from different holding taxes.

Scores Of Withholding Tax:

WHT has been part of the tax system in one way or another since Government and taxpayers directly taxed the two scores.

  • Provides regular revenue to the government for its expenses and operations throughout the year
  • It provides taxpayers with an opportunity to meet their obligations in qualifying installments.

Directorate General of Withholding Tax:

Currently, globalization has forced many countries to adapt their economies to new trade and investment policies included in free trade agreements, tax policies, and alignment. Countries cannot close their borders or their economies. Tax policies are inseparable from international economies. Therefore, the Directorate General of Withholding Tax has been set up by the Finance Act 2008 under Section 230A of the Income Tax Ordinance 2001 to review and manage these holding tax systems while maintaining this competitive environment.

Also Read: What are the penalties of being non-filer?

Efficient Source Of Revenue:

WHT is an efficient source of revenue. Their share of direct tax revenue is about 41%. Rise of Rs.422(b) in 2012 as compared to Rs. 5(b) in 1991 talks about rapid growth and consequent heavy dependence on withholding tax.

According to the Income Tax Act, 1922 tax deduction was from two source salaries and interest on securities. Different provision of the tax law was introduced later to extend WHT net in the 1990s, by providing WHT on large-scale transactions.

The main withholding provisions are related to salaries, imports, exports, commissions and brokerage, dividends, contracts, loan interest, utilities, car taxes, stock exchange provisions, and non-residents, etc. with different rates.



What are the penalties of being non-filer?

penalties of being non-filer

Being a responsible Pakistani, if you haven’t filed your tax then you will have to face the penalties of being non-filer. According to PkRevenue , the date on which you pay your taxes has expired or you may not have the information for your return completion, or you may not have enough money to pay taxes and you may be afraid to file your return. In any case, the non-payment of taxes has serious consequences.

Those who do not file their tax will be caught sooner or later.

We have all heard many stories of income tax denials, whether they are straightforward tax dodgers or political demonstrators everyone has to face major civil penalties as well as criminal penalties of fines and imprisonment.

 Beware, the thing you were not told is that failure in filing tax returns can be very costly.

According to Tax laws:

According to Income Ordinance, 2001, tax laws define both lenient and severe penalties for the individuals who have taxable income but not paying their tax or the individuals who are registered with tax authority but their annual returns are not filed or filed after the due date.

Specification of the number of Fines and penalties :

The Income Tax Ordinance, 2001 specifies the number of fines and penalties for non-compliance. Section 114 of the Ordinance deals with the persons who are required to file their annual income tax returns and Section 116 relates to wealth-related statements.

Penalties Under Section 114:

According to section 114 the person who fails to return the required income within the due date will have to face penalties of being non-filer which are the following :

Penalties for late filing income tax   0.1% of the tax payable in respect of the defaulted tax year on each day and a maximum of 50% of the tax payable

Provided that the above-mentioned fine is less than Rs. 40,000 or no tax is paid in this tax year, then such a person will have to pay a fine of Rs. 40,000


Provided that if the income amount is 75% of the income amount coming from salary and the amount of income from salary is under Rs.50 lakhs, the penalty amount, in that case, will be at least Rs.5,000



Penalties for failure to present the statement of wealth and Reconciliation of Wealth Statement   Such a person will have to pay a penalty of 0.1% per week of taxable income or Rs.100,000 whichever is excessive
Penalty for failure to submit foreign assets and income statement within the due date An individual has to pay 2 % of the income of foreign income or assets each year  
Penalty for the fake or misleading written, oral or electronic statement to Inland Revenue Authority or to an Income Tax Authority   Rs. 25,000 or 100% of tax amount whichever is higher an individual has to pay

According to section 182 A:

According to section 182 A, FBR declares that the taxpayers who will not file their returns within the due date will not appear in the active taxpayer’s list for the year the returns have been paid that person will be included in active taxpayer list only in the condition if he pays he following surcharges:

Categories of Taxpayers   Surcharges at Rupees
For Individual 1000  
For Company   20,000  
For an Association of a Persons   10,000

Penalties Under Section 191:

Further penalties according to the income tax ordinance under Section 191 for the person who fails to submit a notice under subsection (3) and subsection (4) of section 114 of subsection (1) of section 116. Commit a crime or offense with a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year.

More Penalties of being non-filer:

Taxpayer’s failure for presenting a return of income or wealth statement without any excuse within the period prescribed by the court is considered as a crime and is punishable according to which a person is liable to a fine, not more than fifty thousand rupees or imprisonment not more than two years, or both.

Mobile Devices Regularization – DIRBS

Mobile Devices Regularization – DIRBS

What is DIRBS:

Mobile Device Regularization – DIRBS stands for Device Identification, Registration, and Blocking System used to identify the non-complaint devices. A strong inflow of mobile phones and their import is in demand in the country. However, leaving noteworthy issues with the grey market and counterfeit devices affecting Government, Distributors, MobileNetwork Operators, and Consumers.

How It Works:

The system uses the International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) a 15-digit number that is used for identification of the device. It reveals the device make model and details of type approval, manufacturer, and country of production.

Any person who buys a new smartphone in Pakistan needs to check the phone’s compliance with PTA at the time of purchase. You can check the validity by sending the phone’s IMEI to 8484 by text message or you can check it online at the PTA website. Android users can also check it through by downloading DIRBS android mobile app from the Play Store.

Also Check: How to Pay Income Tax

Advantages Of DIRBS:

DIRBS System helps to identify the illegal devices and the devices which are imported. The copies of the original equipment from official OEMs, Devices whose import tax has not been paid, the devices with invalid IMEIs which are not assigned by GSMA, multiple devices with the same IMEI, the devices that have been reported within Pakistan and globally to GSMA  as stolen or lost these types of devices are considered as illegal or invalid devices using the DIRBS.

Objectives Of DIRBS:

DRIBS  System is used for Identification and approval of Devices in which the device with SIM functionality must contain a unique and valid IMEI, new devices with unverified DIRBS, IMEI / false identifiers will not be registered by the Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) on their networks, the retailers and users will identify the validity of IMEI and only the PTA approved devices will be imported into the country and handling of stolen devices in which the introduction of the mechanism by PTA  through which OEMs and operators will be able to notify the PTA of any business being identified by stolen devices, once notified, MNOs will block stolen devices and mobile network operators (MNOs) will notify the PTA of any device connected to their network if reported as stolen are the main focus.

Awareness Through DIRBS:

              DIRBS system is a very informative awareness for consumers and retailers to check compliance. The system is also beneficial for both the retailers and customers in a way they can check the devices is it proper in warranty in PTA or approved by PTA while purchasing new devices.

How to pay Income tax?

how to pay income tax

If you are a filer or taxpayer and want to pay income tax, you can pay it either online or manually. Please see the payment methods:

Factors of Income Tax Calculation:

Calculating income tax depends on various factors that contain your status whether you are an individual, a company, a firm or a local authority, The amount of your income and its nature, and your age.

Heads of Income:

According to Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, taxable income is divided into five categories:

Salary

Business

Capital Gains

Income from Property

Income from Other Sources

Benefits of Paying Income Tax:

Paying your tax returns and wealth statements is good for your government as well as for you to get filer benefits to enjoy a minimum withholding tax on all of your services at excise offices, airports, banking transactions, in purchasing new cars and for real-estate matters. Earlier, the FBR had separate portals for companies and individuals. But now, they’ve made it easier for everyone.

Online Tax Payment

Steps for FBR E-Enrollment:
Here are the ways for FBR E-Enrollment to start paying your income tax: 

  • Get yourself register with FBR and start paying your tax returns online.
  • For unregistered person go to FBR IRIS portal provide all relevant information by clicking on the registration tab
  • For different options again open the IRIS portal and click on e-enrollment.
  • To complete the registration process, enter all the asked details like your mobile number, CNIC, etc.
  • Login into your account and fill the form by entering all your income information.
  • Now you are a Tax Filer.
  • In order to check that you are on active taxpayer list or not type ATL give space then enter 13-digit CNIC number and send SMS it to 9966.

Guidelines to Pay Income Tax:

Once, you become tax filer you need to pay your income tax by following these steps:

  • First of all, log into e-file
  • Click on the e-Payments tab.
  • Then, go to Create Payment, select Income Tax Annual Return option.

Creating Payment Slip:

  • Selection of related tax year
  • Entering the Tax amount due
  • Selecting a payment mode
  • Clicking on create a button and confirm the e-payment created.
  • Select the nearest city branch of State Bank (SBP)or National Bank (NBP) for payment slip deposit. (you can download the PSID by printing it)
  • After the payment of due tax, the COMPUTERIZED PAYMENT RECEIPT (CPR)is generated. It is reflected in Iris within 24 hours of payment being submitted

Manually Tax Payment:

If you can’t go online and pay taxes then you can manually submit your statements on paper at the Taxpayer Facility Counters of the relevant regional tax office.

However, if you want to pay your income tax but you are not a filer, then check the relevant blog ‘How to become filer‘.

Late Tax Payment Penalty:

Failure to pay your taxes is punishable by a fine or a penalty of one year or two in prison.

How Overseas Pakistanis can become tax filer?

How Overseas Pakistanis can become filer

Many Pakistani National living in foreign countries may have a question arising in their mind that how overseas Pakistanis can become filer. You can find your answer here:

Do Overseas Pakistanis Have to File Taxes?

Yes, overseas Pakistanis can become filer and every foreign Pakistani has to pay their taxes based on their income in Pakistan. Like many other countries, taxation in Pakistan depends on the individual’s resident status other than the foreign country in which he/she resides. Previously, if someone was held for 183 days (or more) during the tax year, it was assumed that the tax resident would end July 1 to June 30. However, this period has been reduced to four months following the 2019 financial law. This means that for the year 2019-20, a person must remain in a foreign country for at least eight months to claim tax-free status. In addition, Pakistan residents should be aware that their income is taxed. Meanwhile, after filing tax returns for foreign Pakistanis, it is necessary to file an income tax return on income from Pakistan. Non-resident Pakistanis are not obligated to file a declaration of wealth. Foreign Pakistanis file tax returns if the Pakistan-based income is below the legal income tax threshold or in any case. If they need a valid CNIC, they file tax returns to trigger the filer benefits.

How Can Overseas Pakistanis File Tax Returns in Pakistan?

First of all, foreign Pakistanis must get NTN (National Tax Number) and it can be obtained by registering on FBR’s online portal.

You should first check the FBR filer status.

How to Check Your FBR Filer Status and NTN?

You can check the taxpayer status and the NTN using the following two methods:

  1. Type ATL [space] CNIC in a message and send this message to 9966. Please note that do not add any dash, any character or extra space between the numbers because it will not be sent. In a few minutes, you will receive a text message of your taxpayer status. For this purpose, you will need a Pakistani SIM card.
  2. Visit the official FBR website and go for search taxpayers in the navigation panel that shows up on the website. At the top-down menu, select Active Taxpayer (IT). Then you will be asked to type your CNIC and the verification code received in the text message. After entering the CNIC and the verification code, click on Verify and you will immediately know whether your name exists in the ATL (Active Taxpayer List) or not.

If your name is available on ATL but you don’t know the NTN number, click on the online NTN / STRN Inquiry link and get your NTN number. Meanwhile, if anyone has an NTN and no Iris login credentials, log in details can be obtained by clicking on the ‘E-Enrolment for Registered Person’.

Registering for NTN

Foreign Pakistanis, who have not filed their taxes before, should first register themselves on the FBR website by clicking on the registration number for a person who is not registered. They should follow this procedure, fill in the details required to enter the iris system.

You must verify your phone number and email address by signals sent to you via text message. Please verify these signs as soon as possible as they become obsolete after some time.

Complete the ‘Registration Form’ available in the draft folder and submit it to get your NTN.

For more information, check out our comprehensive blog ‘How to become Filer’.

Filing Tax Return for Overseas Pakistanis

First of all, log in to IRIS and then click the ‘Declaration’ menu available above. Follow the procedure described and be sure while stating your income from foreign sources in the ‘Other Sources’ section of the website.

Moreover, depending upon the months you spent in Pakistan during the financial year. Depending, choose your status as ‘resident’ or ‘non-resident’ in the ‘Active’ section and enter the required information in the input field.