It is the duty of every filer to tax their files before the deadline in order to protect him from the consequences of missing the tax deadline. However, If any person failed to tax his filer before the deadline, he should file his tax as soon as possible. In case of failure of pay tax, you will have options for a tax extension, late payment, or penalties of late payment.
Note: The last date for federal tax return filing for tax year 2019 is July 15, 2020
Filing for an Extension:
In case of missing tax deadline, you can go for a file for an extension if you want to get yourself protected from penalties. You will have to pay a 5% amount each month after missing the deadline. However, if IRS is paying you the refund, then there is no need to ask for tax extension but if you are not getting a refund then there is a need to filing a tax extension. Moreover, if you are getting refind from IRS for 3 to 4 taxpayers every month in a year then there will be no penalty for missing the deadline.
If the balance is pending:
In case if you have paid your tax before the deadline but you still have a pending amount due then every month, you will have to pay the penalty of 0.5% of the total amount per month and it will be a maximum of 25% payment of late payment. You can also end up likely to owe interest to the remaining amount.
If you are not given with extension, then you will have to pay a penalty of 5% of the pending amount per month with interest as well.
Extension of time for tax payment:
You also have an option to apply for an extension of time in order to pay your tax after the deadline but you will have to meet the legal requirements as well in order to get a time extension. You can apply for a time extension here: Application form for Extension of Time for Tax Payment.
If you want to pay your income tax, visit ‘How to pay income tax‘.